The territory of Livigno and Trepalle
The Livigno valley stretches for more than 22 km with an orientation from southwest to northeast. The main waterway, the Spöl (Aqua Granda), flows towards the Engadine region and into the Black Sea. The considerable altitude (over 1,800 meters), which is disadvantageous for human settlement, is compensated by good sun exposure on both orographic sides.
The hamlet of Trepalle, part of the Livigno's territory since 1799, spreads through a lateral valley and boasts a record: being between 1,900 and 2,200 meters above sea level, it is the highest permanent settlement in Europe!
The traditional economy of Livigno was essentially peasant, based on breeding, milk processing and care of meadows: the amount of hay, limited to only one cut per year, was decisive for the livelihood of the livestock, which remained in the stables for very long periods. Agricultural production was completely marginal, due to the harsh climate. The only vegetable that thrived was the turnip and as a result, all gardens were destined to its cultivation.
Livigno and Trepalle lived long periods of isolation. It was not until the Foscagno pass opened in winter in 1952, and the inauguration of the "Munt la Schera" tunnel in the late 60's, that Livigno was connected more easily to Italy and Europe. This led to an increase in tourism.
Since the second half of the twentieth century, the territory has undergone great changes, while maintaining its particularities, which still enchant those who visit it today.